Key Person Protection (also known as key man insurance) is a business insuring itself against the financial loss it would suffer if a non directorial key person in their business died or were diagnosed with a specified critical illness if chosen, during the length of the policy. It also pays out if the key person is terminally ill and meet our definition, except in the last 12 months of the policy. Key Person Protection is a life assurance (or life assurance and critical illness cover) policy taken out to cover the life of a key person within your business. The policy is owned and paid for by the employer, so any payout is payable to the employer. The loss of a key person in your business could have a severe impact. The business could suffer badly, with sales and profits falling and increased workloads for the remaining staff. Key Person Protection is designed to pay out a lump sum on the death of the insured key person, during the length of the policy. It could significantly help the business to recover, as the proceeds can be used to help replace lost profit or finding and hiring a replacement.